Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density. It is a disorder that usually affects older adults, with incidences increasing with age. Since the first sign of osteoporosis for many people is often a fracture, it has been dubbed the “silent thief” due to its ability to steal bone mass, with the unsuspecting ‘victims’ only learning they’ve been ‘robbed’ of bone mass after experiencing a fracture.
As we age, we begin losing bone density which eventually can lead to osteoporosis. This is why it is so important to continue to exercise to help maintain bone strength and density. The best exercises to help maintain bone density and prevent osteoporosis are ones that are dynamic and weight bearing physical activities. You might be worried it’s too late to start exercising after a recent diagnosis; however, it’s never too late to start an exercise program! That being said, if you suffer from osteoporosis, it is important to have an exercise program with a focus on weight bearing, strength and balance – as these are the three main principles – with gradual increases in load, while ensuring the risk of falls is minimized as much as possible.
Our body needs to move to exercise. This movement is created by our muscles, so when our muscles contract, they pull on our bones which allows us to move. This pulling on the bone by our muscles is what helps maintain bone health and density. Therefore, any strength training, or resistance training can help!